The United States is one of the most violent countries in the developed world. For example, here is how we compare with other OECD countries in deaths rates from assaults.
[Source: OECD See here for identities of the other countries.]
Wow. And it it’s not just homicide and it’s not just crime. Just thinking out loud I suppose we could identify four kinds of societal violence:
- Domestic violence (home/family);
- Public violence (crime, racial/sectarian/communal strife);
- State violence (repression, war/pseudo-war, criminal justice system); and
- Recreational violence, both simulated (TV/movies/gaming) and real (violent sports, hunting, gun hobbyists).
I haven’t looked up whether we lead in all four of these. But, we certainly do on #2, and maybe on #3 and #4. Of course, many poor/non-democratic nations have much higher levels of violence us, and much of our war fighting is as head of the Western alliance system. Still, the American people and its institutions are really, really violence-prone.
For this meeting I thought we could tackle the very unnerving idea that the main cause is cultural. Is there something, er, exceptional in American culture that makes us this way? The 300 million guns? The high poverty rates? Racism and segregation? Mass incarceration? Hyper-individualism? A Wild West mentality or Southern culture (the South is by far our most violent region)? Do conservative explanations hold any water, like declining religiosity/respect for moral authority or self-destructive “culture of poverty” values? Violent entertainment? Drugs? You get the complexity idea.
Also, has a high tolerance for violence always been a part of our society, or has something changed recently? One of the links below is about the growing paranoia of U.S. gun culture. Also, we just elected a president at the very least despite of – or more likely IMO – because of the way he reveled in violent rhetoric and promises to inflict actual violence. His message of an “American carnage” terrorized by violent crime and foreign exploitation and his unveiled threats of vengeance against foreign and domestic enemies deeply resonated with tens of millions of Americans. What does that alone say about our culture’s normalization of violence, or, perhaps more benignly, about voters’ beliefs that the violence is out of control?
Here are some different points of view on whether and why American culture is distinctively and excessively violent.
SUGGESTED BACKGROUND READING –
- Crime: A lot of it, but the long-term USA trend is way down.
- Domestic violence is down sharply too. Facts/figures and discussion.
- Men: Why are American men so violent?
- Is “Black culture” the culprit? Recommended as a fairly balanced treatment that makes clear what this argument is saying and its plausibility.
- Progressive POV: Our entire culture, our government(s), and powerful corporations perpetuate endless violence.
- One conservative’s POV: Breakdown of morality is the problem.
- As Neo said “Guns. Lots of guns.”
- Old CivCon mtgs gun control, pornography, and whether the risks to our safety really are so great.
NEXT WEEK: Who runs San Diego – and for whose benefit?