Two of our next three topics relate to the American criminal justice system, and both are Linda’s ideas. On June 6, we’ll do policing reform. Monday we will cover a very, very important topic that gets much less attention: Our juvenile justice system.
We jail/detain a lot of juveniles in this country. On any given day in America, there are more than 80,000 youths in detention and correctional facilities, including 20,000 in juvenile detention centers, 54,000 in youth prisons, and almost 6,000 in adult prisons and jails. These system’s problems are legion and discussions of them rife with sad phrases like “juvenile solitary confinement” which 24 states permit, and “school-to-prison pipelines.” Individual outcomes can be heart-breaking, including here in Southern California. You also could throw in other systems that treat children and their problems, like foster care and the mental health system, if you want to look at the problem in all its facets.
Yet, quietly over the last 15 years, reformers all over the country have recognized the gross inadequacies of juvenile criminal justice systems and have worked hard to improve them. I know very little about this, but the articles below will give you a sense of what has been accomplished and how much farther we have to go to make youthful offences an embarrassing adult memory rather than the first step towards a ruined life that ruins others’ lives, too.
I will red these articles and a few more and on Monday I will start us off by describing some of the juvenile system’s worst problems and biggest obstacles to reform. Then we can talk about solutions, etc. I will highlight developments in California.
SUGGESTED BACKGROUND READING –
- A very short history (up to 2008) of juvenile justice in USA.
- 2015 good overview: Trying to fix our broken juvenile justice system. Recommended
- Major goals of reform advocates. Notice how many areas advocates say we need to address – including some well outside what we traditionally think of as the criminal justice system.
- Closing big, often-abusive youth detention centers is key, as is ending solitary confinement for youths and – especially – making sure kids in facilities still get an education.
- The “school to prison pipeline” doesn’t mean what you probably think it means.
- California’s reforms: Recommended
Next Week: What is a “just war?”