It occurs to me that I failed to post anything on what taxes people actually pay now – a key thing to know if we’re going to discuss VATs and tax fairness. Please see this old post of mine on who pays for government. Here is the key chart from it. It shows what percentage of their income different groups of Americans pay compared to how much money they make. This chart shows that, when all taxes at all levels are counted, it is a lie that few Americans pay taxes.
More explanation, numbers at the link to my old post.